A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye. This leads to a decrease and deterioration in vision. It may be due to age as well as hereditary conditions. The only treatment of cataract is refractive surgery. Several different methods are used for this. One of these is the treatment of Cataract with Femtosecond Laser which has developed rapidly in recent years.
Thanks to the use of laser in cataract surgeries, it can be performed in a more safe, reliable and comfortable way with less risk of complications compared to conventional surgical methods.
Differences of Femtosecond Laser Cataract Surgery from Classical Phaco Method
- The incision is opened with laser, no blade is used and the tissue integrity is not altered.
- The incision is smooth and well-planned, which has a positive effect on the visual acuity after surgery.
- The risk of error is zero because it is computer controlled.
- The risk of edema and infection is very low.
- When the cataract lens is disintegrated, the surrounding tissues are not damaged.
- Provides perfect preparation for the placing of the artificial intraocular lens
- In addition to cataracts, it also treats visual defects such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism.
With the classical Phaco method, the most important factor for the success of the procedure is the experience of the doctor and the risk of complications is also much higher in the classical method. Again in the classical method, it takes time to return to routine life because the recovery time of edema is long.
The femtosecond laser method has been developed to increase the success of surgery especially for patients who choose multifocal trifocal or toric intraocular lenses and who want to continue without glasses. Especially for patients who choose intraocular lenses, the preferred treatment method should be ’ Femtosecond Laser‘ ’.
Pre-operation, anesthetic drops are used in the patient's eye twice every 5 minutes. A vacuum is applied with a special device for visualization and fixation of the patient's eye; the patient does not feel any pain because the eye is numb during this procedure. Then, the incision and disintegration stages of the lens are completed in a short time like 50-60 seconds. Then these fragments are aspirated and the new intraocular lens is inserted.
After the procedure, the eye is not closed, only protective glasses are given. After the routine check-up the next day, the patient can continue with his/her daily life.
Date of issue: 13.06.2019